What is dry hair?
Dry hair develops when your hair doesn’t get or retain enough moisture. This reduces its sheen and can make it appear frizzy and dull.
Dry hair can affect men and women of any age, but you’re more likely to develop it as you get older.
Your hair consists of three layers. If your hair is healthy, natural oils in the outer layer help protect the inner layers. They also reflect light, making your hair appear shiny. Sheen and luster are two important signs of healthy hair.
When your hair is dry, the outer layer breaks down, causing it to appear dull and unhealthy.
Causes of dry hair
A variety of factors can lead to dry hair, including environmental conditions, hair care habits, and your physical health.
Some of the environmental conditions that can cause dry hair include:
- living in a dry, hot climate
- spending a lot of time in the sun or wind
- frequently swimming in chlorinated or salty water
Hair care practices that often contribute to dry hair include:
- washing your hair too often
- using harsh shampoos, conditioners, or styling products
- dying or chemically treating your hair
- regularly blow-drying your hair
- using electric curling irons, straighteners, or curlers
Treating dry hair
In many cases, you can treat dry hair through simple lifestyle changes. Here are a few you can try:
- Avoid shampooing your hair every day.
- Condition your hair every time you wash it.
- Use a shampoo and conditioner that are meant for your hair type.
- Use moisturizing styling products.
- Avoid chemical hair treatments.
- Blow-dry your hair less frequently.
- Avoid flat irons, curling irons, and electric rollers.
Daily shampooing can rob your hair of its protective oils and lead to dryness. Try washing your hair once or twice a week instead. You can also apply hair oils or leave-in conditioners to add luster and softness. There is a good range of shampoos on our website.
Protecting your hair from heat and sun exposure is also important. If you live in a dry climate, wear a hat when you go outdoors and avoid long-term exposure to dry or windy air. You should protect your hair from chlorine and salt water by wearing a bathing cap when swimming in a pool or the ocean.
If an underlying medical problem is causing your dry hair, your doctor may recommend medications or other treatments to address it. Your hair may improve once you treat the underlying condition. Work with your doctor to find the best course of treatment for you.
The bottom line
Dry hair is a sign of hair damage. If left untreated, your hair can become brittle, causing it to break or fray easily.
Most cases of dry hair can be effectively treated with simple lifestyle changes.
If your dry hair persists, make an appointment with your doctor. They can help you pinpoint the cause of your dry hair and recommend treatments.